1 Sam 14; Psalm 124; Acts 10
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The following text is from the English Standard Version.
1 Sam 14
One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who carried his armor, ”Come, let us go over to the Philistine garrison on the other side.” But he did not tell his father.
Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gibeah in the pomegranate cave at Migron. The people who were with him were about six hundred men,
including Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.
Within the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistine garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side and a rocky crag on the other side. The name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
The one crag rose on the north in front of Michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.
Jonathan said to the young man who carried his armor, ”Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised. It may be that the LORD will work for us, for nothing can hinder the LORD from saving by many or by few.”
And his armor-bearer said to him, ”Do all that is in your heart. Do as you wish. Behold, I am with you heart and soul.”
Then Jonathan said, ”Behold, we will cross over to the men, and we will show ourselves to them.
If they say to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place, and we will not go up to them.
But if they say, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up, for the LORD has given them into our hand. And this shall be the sign to us.”
So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines. And the Philistines said, ”Look, Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden themselves.”
And the men of the garrison hailed Jonathan and his armor-bearer and said, ”Come up to us, and we will show you a thing.” And Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, ”Come up after me, for the LORD has given them into the hand of Israel.”
Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, and his armor-bearer after him. And they fell before Jonathan, and his armor-bearer killed them after him.
And that first strike, which Jonathan and his armor-bearer made, killed about twenty men within as it were half a furrow’s length in an acre of land.
And there was a panic in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. The garrison and even the raiders trembled, the earth quaked, and it became a very great panic.
And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and behold, the multitude was dispersing here and there.
Then Saul said to the people who were with him, ”Count and see who has gone from us.” And when they had counted, behold, Jonathan and his armor-bearer were not there.
So Saul said to Ahijah, ”Bring the ark of God here.” For the ark of God went at that time with the people of Israel.
Now while Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the camp of the Philistines increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest, ”Withdraw your hand.”
Then Saul and all the people who were with him rallied and went into the battle. And behold, every Philistine’s sword was against his fellow, and there was very great confusion.
Now the Hebrews who had been with the Philistines before that time and who had gone up with them into the camp, even they also turned to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.
Likewise, when all the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing, they too followed hard after them in the battle.
So the LORD saved Israel that day. And the battle passed beyond Beth-aven.
And the men of Israel had been hard pressed that day, so Saul had laid an oath on the people, saying, ”Cursed be the man who eats food until it is evening and I am avenged on my enemies.” So none of the people had tasted food.
Now when all the people came to the forest, behold, there was honey on the ground.
And when the people entered the forest, behold, the honey was dropping, but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath.
But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath, so he put out the tip of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes became bright.
Then one of the people said, ”Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed be the man who eats food this day.”’ And the people were faint.
Then Jonathan said, ”My father has troubled the land. See how my eyes have become bright because I tasted a little of this honey.
How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies that they found. For now the defeat among the Philistines has not been great.”
They struck down the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. And the people were very faint.
The people pounced on the spoil and took sheep and oxen and calves and slaughtered them on the ground. And the people ate them with the blood.
Then they told Saul, ”Behold, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating with the blood.” And he said, ”You have dealt treacherously; roll a great stone to me here.”
And Saul said, ”Disperse yourselves among the people and say to them, ‘Let every man bring his ox or his sheep and slaughter them here and eat, and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.”’ So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night and they slaughtered them there.
And Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.
Then Saul said, ”Let us go down after the Philistines by night and plunder them until the morning light; let us not leave a man of them.” And they said, ”Do whatever seems good to you.” But the priest said, ”Let us draw near to God here.”
And Saul inquired of God, ”Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into the hand of Israel?” But he did not answer him that day.
And Saul said, ”Come here, all you leaders of the people, and know and see how this sin has arisen today.
For as the LORD lives who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But there was not a man among all the people who answered him.
Then he said to all Israel, ”You shall be on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, ”Do what seems good to you.”
Therefore Saul said, ”O LORD God of Israel, why have you not answered your servant this day? If this guilt is in me or in Jonathan my son, O LORD, God of Israel, give Urim. But if this guilt is in your people Israel, give Thummim.” And Jonathan and Saul were taken, but the people escaped.
Then Saul said, ”Cast the lot between me and my son Jonathan.” And Jonathan was taken.
Then Saul said to Jonathan, ”Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, ”I tasted a little honey with the tip of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am; I will die.”
And Saul said, ”God do so to me and more also; you shall surely die, Jonathan.”
Then the people said to Saul, ”Shall Jonathan die, who has worked this great salvation in Israel? Far from it! As the LORD lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day.” So the people ransomed Jonathan, so that he did not die.
Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place.
When Saul had taken the kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. Wherever he turned he routed them.
And he did valiantly and struck the Amalekites and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them.
Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchi-shua. And the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the firstborn was Merab, and the name of the younger Michal.
And the name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle.
Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.
There was hard fighting against the Philistines all the days of Saul. And when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he attached him to himself.
If it had not been the LORD who was on our side–let Israel now say–
if it had not been the LORD who was on our side when people rose up against us,
then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their anger was kindled against us;
then the flood would have swept us away, the torrent would have gone over us;
then over us would have gone the raging waters.
Blessed be the LORD, who has not given us as prey to their teeth!
We have escaped like a bird from the snare of the fowlers; the snare is broken, and we have escaped!
Our help is in the name of the LORD, who made heaven and earth.
At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion of what was known as the Italian Cohort,
a devout man who feared God with all his household, gave alms generously to the people, and prayed continually to God.
About the ninth hour of the day he saw clearly in a vision an angel of God come in and say to him, ”Cornelius.”
And he stared at him in terror and said, ”What is it, Lord?” And he said to him, ”Your prayers and your alms have ascended as a memorial before God.
And now send men to Joppa and bring one Simon who is called Peter.
He is lodging with one Simon, a tanner, whose house is by the seaside.”
When the angel who spoke to him had departed, he called two of his servants and a devout soldier from among those who attended him,
and having related everything to them, he sent them to Joppa.
The next day, as they were on their journey and approaching the city, Peter went up on the housetop about the sixth hour to pray.
And he became hungry and wanted something to eat, but while they were preparing it, he fell into a trance
and saw the heavens opened and something like a great sheet descending, being let down by its four corners upon the earth.
In it were all kinds of animals and reptiles and birds of the air.
And there came a voice to him: ”Rise, Peter; kill and eat.”
But Peter said, ”By no means, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.”
And the voice came to him again a second time, ”What God has made clean, do not call common.”
This happened three times, and the thing was taken up at once to heaven.
Now while Peter was inwardly perplexed as to what the vision that he had seen might mean, behold, the men who were sent by Cornelius, having made inquiry for Simon’s house, stood at the gate
and called out to ask whether Simon who was called Peter was lodging there.
And while Peter was pondering the vision, the Spirit said to him, ”Behold, three men are looking for you.
Rise and go down and accompany them without hesitation, for I have sent them.”
And Peter went down to the men and said, ”I am the one you are looking for. What is the reason for your coming?”
And they said, ”Cornelius, a centurion, an upright and God-fearing man, who is well spoken of by the whole Jewish nation, was directed by a holy angel to send for you to come to his house and to hear what you have to say.”
So he invited them in to be his guests.The next day he rose and went away with them, and some of the brothers from Joppa accompanied him.
And on the following day they entered Caesarea. Cornelius was expecting them and had called together his relatives and close friends.
When Peter entered, Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshiped him.
But Peter lifted him up, saying, ”Stand up; I too am a man.”
And as he talked with him, he went in and found many persons gathered.
And he said to them, ”You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with or to visit anyone of another nation, but God has shown me that I should not call any person common or unclean.
So when I was sent for, I came without objection. I ask then why you sent for me.”
And Cornelius said, ”Four days ago, about this hour, I was praying in my house at the ninth hour, and behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing
and said, ‘Cornelius, your prayer has been heard and your alms have been remembered before God.
Send therefore to Joppa and ask for Simon who is called Peter. He is lodging in the house of Simon, a tanner, by the sea.’
So I sent for you at once, and you have been kind enough to come. Now therefore we are all here in the presence of God to hear all that you have been commanded by the Lord.”
So Peter opened his mouth and said: ”Truly I understand that God shows no partiality,
but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him.
As for the word that he sent to Israel, preaching good news of peace through Jesus Christ (he is Lord of all),
you yourselves know what happened throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee after the baptism that John proclaimed:
how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
And we are witnesses of all that he did both in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They put him to death by hanging him on a tree,
but God raised him on the third day and made him to appear,
not to all the people but to us who had been chosen by God as witnesses, who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead.
And he commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one appointed by God to be judge of the living and the dead.
To him all the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name.”
While Peter was still saying these things, the Holy Spirit fell on all who heard the word.
And the believers from among the circumcised who had come with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out even on the Gentiles.
For they were hearing them speaking in tongues and extolling God. Then Peter declared,
‘Can anyone withhold water for baptizing these people, who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?”
And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to remain for some days.