2 Sam 3-5; 1 Chr 12; Ps 122; Acts 22
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The following text is from the English Standard Version.
2 Sam 3-5
There was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. And David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker.
And sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam of Jezreel;
and his second, Chileab, of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
and the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;
and the sixth, Ithream, of Eglah, David’s wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
While there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner was making himself strong in the house of Saul.
Now Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah. And Ish-bosheth said to Abner, ”Why have you gone in to my father’s concubine?”
Then Abner was very angry over the words of Ish-bosheth and said, ”Am I a dog’s head of Judah? To this day I keep showing steadfast love to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers, and to his friends, and have not given you into the hand of David. And yet you charge me today with a fault concerning a woman.
God do so to Abner and more also, if I do not accomplish for David what the LORD has sworn to him,
to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan to Beersheba.”
And Ish-bosheth could not answer Abner another word, because he feared him.
And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, ”To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you to bring over all Israel to you.”
And he said, ”Good; I will make a covenant with you. But one thing I require of you; that is, you shall not see my face unless you first bring Michal, Saul’s daughter, when you come to see my face.”
Then David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, saying, ”Give me my wife Michal, for whom I paid the bridal price of a hundred foreskins of the Philistines.”
And Ish-bosheth sent and took her from her husband Paltiel the son of Laish.
But her husband went with her, weeping after her all the way to Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, ”Go, return.” And he returned.
And Abner conferred with the elders of Israel, saying, ”For some time past you have been seeking David as king over you.
Now then bring it about, for the LORD has promised David, saying, ‘By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines, and from the hand of all their enemies.”’
Abner also spoke to Benjamin. And then Abner went to tell David at Hebron all that Israel and the whole house of Benjamin thought good to do.
When Abner came with twenty men to David at Hebron, David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him.
And Abner said to David, ”I will arise and go and will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may reign over all that your heart desires.” So David sent Abner away, and he went in peace.
Just then the servants of David arrived with Joab from a raid, bringing much spoil with them. But Abner was not with David at Hebron, for he had sent him away, and he had gone in peace.
When Joab and all the army that was with him came, it was told Joab, ”Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he has let him go, and he has gone in peace.”
Then Joab went to the king and said, ”What have you done? Behold, Abner came to you. Why is it that you have sent him away, so that he is gone?
You know that Abner the son of Ner came to deceive you and to know your going out and your coming in, and to know all that you are doing.”
When Joab came out from David’s presence, he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the cistern of Sirah. But David did not know about it.
And when Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside into the midst of the gate to speak with him privately, and there he struck him in the stomach, so that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
Afterward, when David heard of it, he said, ”I and my kingdom are forever guiltless before the LORD for the blood of Abner the son of Ner.
May it fall upon the head of Joab and upon all his father’s house, and may the house of Joab never be without one who has a discharge or who is leprous or who holds a spindle or who falls by the sword or who lacks bread!”
So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because he had put their brother Asahel to death in the battle at Gibeon.
Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, ”Tear your clothes and put on sackcloth and mourn before Abner.” And King David followed the bier.
They buried Abner at Hebron. And the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept.
And the king lamented for Abner, saying, ”Should Abner die as a fool dies?
Your hands were not bound; your feet were not fettered; as one falls before the wicked you have fallen.”And all the people wept again over him.
Then all the people came to persuade David to eat bread while it was yet day. But David swore, saying, ”God do so to me and more also, if I taste bread or anything else till the sun goes down!”
And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them, as everything that the king did pleased all the people.
So all the people and all Israel understood that day that it had not been the king’s will to put to death Abner the son of Ner.
And the king said to his servants, ”Do you not know that a prince and a great man has fallen this day in Israel?
And I was gentle today, though anointed king. These men, the sons of Zeruiah, are more severe than I. The LORD repay the evildoer according to his wickedness!”
When Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, heard that Abner had died at Hebron, his courage failed, and all Israel was dismayed.
Now Saul’s son had two men who were captains of raiding bands; the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, sons of Rimmon a man of Benjamin from Beeroth (for Beeroth also is counted part of Benjamin;
the Beerothites fled to Gittaim and have been sojourners there to this day).
Jonathan, the son of Saul, had a son who was crippled in his feet. He was five years old when the news about Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel, and his nurse took him up and fled, and as she fled in her haste, he fell and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.
Now the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out, and about the heat of the day they came to the house of Ish-bosheth as he was taking his noonday rest.
And they came into the midst of the house as if to get wheat, and they stabbed him in the stomach. Then Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.
When they came into the house, as he lay on his bed in his bedroom, they struck him and put him to death and beheaded him. They took his head and went by the way of the Arabah all night,
and brought the head of Ish-bosheth to David at Hebron. And they said to the king, ”Here is the head of Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul, your enemy, who sought your life. The LORD has avenged my lord the king this day on Saul and on his offspring.”
But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, ”As the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life out of every adversity,
when one told me, ‘Behold, Saul is dead,’ and thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and killed him at Ziklag, which was the reward I gave him for his news.
How much more, when wicked men have killed a righteous man in his own house on his bed, shall I not now require his blood at your hand and destroy you from the earth?”
And David commanded his young men, and they killed them and cut off their hands and feet and hanged them beside the pool at Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-bosheth and buried it in the tomb of Abner at Hebron.
Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, ”Behold, we are your bone and flesh.
In times past, when Saul was king over us, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the LORD said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over Israel.”’
So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.
And the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, ”You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off”–thinking, ”David cannot come in here.”
Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David.
And David said on that day, ”Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack ‘the lame and the blind,’ who are hated by David’s soul.” Therefore it is said, ”The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.”
And David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built the city all around from the Millo inward.
And David became greater and greater, for the LORD, the God of hosts, was with him.
And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, also carpenters and masons who built David a house.
And David knew that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David.
And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,
Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.
When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard of it and went down to the stronghold.
Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.
And David inquired of the LORD, ”Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you give them into my hand?” And the LORD said to David, ”Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand.”
And David came to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. And he said, ”The LORD has burst through my enemies before me like a bursting flood.” Therefore the name of that place is called Baal-perazim.
And the Philistines left their idols there, and David and his men carried them away.
And the Philistines came up yet again and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.
And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, ”You shall not go up; go around to their rear, and come against them opposite the balsam trees.
And when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then rouse yourself, for then the LORD has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines.”
And David did as the LORD commanded him, and struck down the Philistines from Geba to Gezer.
1 Chr 12
Now these are the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he could not move about freely because of Saul the son of Kish. And they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
They were bowmen and could shoot arrows and sling stones with either the right or the left hand; they were Benjaminites, Saul’s kinsmen.
The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, both sons of Shemaah of Gibeah; also Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; Beracah, Jehu of Anathoth,
Ishmaiah of Gibeon, a mighty man among the thirty and a leader over the thirty; Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad of Gederah,
Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite;
Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites;
And Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
From the Gadites there went over to David at the stronghold in the wilderness mighty and experienced warriors, expert with shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions and who were swift as gazelles upon the mountains:
Ezer the chief, Obadiah second, Eliab third,
Mishmannah fourth, Jeremiah fifth,
Attai sixth, Eliel seventh,
Johanan eighth, Elzabad ninth,
Jeremiah tenth, Machbannai eleventh.
These Gadites were officers of the army; the least was a match for a hundred men and the greatest for a thousand.
These are the men who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it was overflowing all its banks, and put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west.
And some of the men of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David.
David went out to meet them and said to them, ”If you have come to me in friendship to help me, my heart will be joined to you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, although there is no wrong in my hands, then may the God of our fathers see and rebuke you.”
Then the Spirit clothed Amasai, chief of the thirty, and he said, ”We are yours, O David, and with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers! For your God helps you.”Then David received them and made them officers of his troops.
Some of the men of Manasseh deserted to David when he came with the Philistines for the battle against Saul. (Yet he did not help them, for the rulers of the Philistines took counsel and sent him away, saying, ”At peril to our heads he will desert to his master Saul.”)
As he went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh deserted to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.
They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and were commanders in the army.
For from day to day men came to David to help him, until there was a great army, like an army of God.
These are the numbers of the divisions of the armed troops who came to David in Hebron to turn the kingdom of Saul over to him, according to the word of the LORD.
The men of Judah bearing shield and spear were 6,800 armed troops.
Of the Simeonites, mighty men of valor for war, 7,100.
Of the Levites 4,600.
The prince Jehoiada, of the house of Aaron, and with him 3,700.
Zadok, a young man mighty in valor, and twenty-two commanders from his own fathers’ house.
Of the Benjaminites, the kinsmen of Saul, 3,000, of whom the majority had to that point kept their allegiance to the house of Saul.
Of the Ephraimites 20,800, mighty men of valor, famous men in their fathers’ houses.
Of the half-tribe of Manasseh 18,000, who were expressly named to come and make David king.
Of Issachar, men who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, 200 chiefs, and all their kinsmen under their command.
Of Zebulun 50,000 seasoned troops, equipped for battle with all the weapons of war, to help David with singleness of purpose.
Of Naphtali 1,000 commanders with whom were 37,000 men armed with shield and spear.
Of the Danites 28,600 men equipped for battle.
Of Asher 40,000 seasoned troops ready for battle.
Of the Reubenites and Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh from beyond the Jordan, 120,000 men armed with all the weapons of war.
All these, men of war, arrayed in battle order, came to Hebron with full intent to make David king over all Israel. Likewise, all the rest of Israel were of a single mind to make David king.
And they were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, for their brothers had made preparation for them.
And also their relatives, from as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came bringing food on donkeys and on camels and on mules and on oxen, abundant provisions of flour, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, and wine and oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.
I was glad when they said to me, ”Let us go to the house of the LORD!”
Our feet have been standing within your gates, O Jerusalem!
Jerusalem–built as a city that is bound firmly together,
to which the tribes go up, the tribes of the LORD, as was decreed for Israel, to give thanks to the name of the LORD.
There thrones for judgment were set, the thrones of the house of David.
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem! ”May they be secure who love you!
Peace be within your walls and security within your towers!”
For my brothers and companions’ sake I will say, ”Peace be within you!”
For the sake of the house of the LORD our God, I will seek your good.
‘Brothers and fathers, hear the defense that I now make before you.”
And when they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew language, they became even more quiet. And he said:
‘I am a Jew, born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated at the feet of Gamaliel according to the strict manner of the law of our fathers, being zealous for God as all of you are this day.
I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and delivering to prison both men and women,
as the high priest and the whole council of elders can bear me witness. From them I received letters to the brothers, and I journeyed toward Damascus to take those also who were there and bring them in bonds to Jerusalem to be punished.
‘As I was on my way and drew near to Damascus, about noon a great light from heaven suddenly shone around me.
And I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’
And I answered, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ And he said to me, ‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom you are persecuting.’
Now those who were with me saw the light but did not understand the voice of the one who was speaking to me.
And I said, ‘What shall I do, Lord?’ And the Lord said to me, ‘Rise, and go into Damascus, and there you will be told all that is appointed for you to do.’
And since I could not see because of the brightness of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me, and came into Damascus.
‘And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, well spoken of by all the Jews who lived there,
came to me, and standing by me said to me, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight.’ And at that very hour I received my sight and saw him.
And he said, ‘The God of our fathers appointed you to know his will, to see the Righteous One and to hear a voice from his mouth;
for you will be a witness for him to everyone of what you have seen and heard.
And now why do you wait? Rise and be baptized and wash away your sins, calling on his name.’
‘When I had returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, I fell into a trance
and saw him saying to me, ‘Make haste and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about me.’
And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves know that in one synagogue after another I imprisoned and beat those who believed in you.
And when the blood of Stephen your witness was being shed, I myself was standing by and approving and watching over the garments of those who killed him.’
And he said to me, ‘Go, for I will send you far away to the Gentiles.”’
Up to this word they listened to him. Then they raised their voices and said, ”Away with such a fellow from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live.”
And as they were shouting and throwing off their cloaks and flinging dust into the air,
the tribune ordered him to be brought into the barracks, saying that he should be examined by flogging, to find out why they were shouting against him like this.
But when they had stretched him out for the whips, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, ”Is it lawful for you to flog a man who is a Roman citizen and uncondemned?”
When the centurion heard this, he went to the tribune and said to him, ”What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman citizen.”
So the tribune came and said to him, ”Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” And he said, ”Yes.”
The tribune answered, ”I bought this citizenship for a large sum.” Paul said, ”But I am a citizen by birth.”
So those who were about to examine him withdrew from him immediately, and the tribune also was afraid, for he realized that Paul was a Roman citizen and that he had bound him.
But on the next day, desiring to know the real reason why he was being accused by the Jews, he unbound him and commanded the chief priests and all the council to meet, and he brought Paul down and set him before them.